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Clinical Article
MRI enhanced features, pathology and prognosis of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma
WEI Youping  ZHANG Shun  SONG Meina  WU Wei  ZHANG Lihong 

WEI Y P, ZHANG S, SONG M N, et al. MRI enhanced features, pathology and prognosis of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2023, 14(8): 68-72. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.08.011.

[Abstract] Objective To explore the relationship between MRI enhanced features, pathological basis and prognosis of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma (IMCC).Materials and Methods The data of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) patients admitted to Aviation General Hospital of China Medical University from January 2008 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 69 cases of IMCC were included in the study including 62 males and 7 females. According to the different MRI enhancement methods of IMCC, they were divided into 3 groups: progressive enhancement group (25 cases), peripheral enhancement group (24 cases) and rich blood supply group (20 cases). The MRI findings and pathological characteristics of the three groups were analyzed, and the survival rate of the three groups was compared.Results The enhancement degree of MRI was related to the proportion of tumor cells, fibrous tissues, and other tissues ( such as mucus and tissue necrosis). The median survival time of all patients was 35.9 months (95% CI: 17.4-54.6), the 1-year cumulative survival rate was 75.9%, the 3-year cumulative survival rate was 46.7%, and the 5-year cumulative survival rate was 23.4%. The 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival rates of patients in progressive enhancement group were 75.0%, 41.3%, and 20.6%, those in peripheral enhancement group were 71.8%, 47.9%, and 18.0%, and those in rich blood supply group were 83.3%, 51.3%, and 32.1%, respectively. Log rank test showed that there was no significant difference in survival rate among the three groups (χ2=1.117, P=0.572). There was no significant difference in 1-year survival rate among the three groups (F=0.50, P=0.616), and no significant difference in 3-year survival rate (F=0.632, P=0.725). There was a significant difference in 5-year survival rate (F=5.93, P=0.007). The rich blood supply group was superior to the progressive reinforcement group (P=0.013) and the peripheral reinforcement group (P=0.001).Conclusions Different enhancement modes of MRI in IMCC have their corresponding pathological basis. There may be a correlation between different reinforcement methods and prognosis, and blood supply rich ICC may have an advantage in 5-year survival rate.
[Keywords] liver tumor;intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma;pathology;prognosis;magnetic resonance imaging

WEI Youping1   ZHANG Shun1   SONG Meina1   WU Wei2   ZHANG Lihong2*  

1 Department of imaging, Aviation General Hospital, China Medical University, Beijing 100012, China

2 Department of hepatobiliary surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, Beijing 225012, China

Corresponding author: Zhang LH, E-mail:

Conflicts of interest   None.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82001964).
Received  2022-10-17
Accepted  2023-07-27
DOI: 10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.08.011
WEI Y P, ZHANG S, SONG M N, et al. MRI enhanced features, pathology and prognosis of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2023, 14(8): 68-72. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.08.011.

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