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MRI research progress in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
BIN Bolin  ZHOU Xiaoyan  DENG Demao 

Cite this article as: BIN B L, ZHOU X Y, DENG D M. MRI research progress in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2023, 14(3): 149-152, 169. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.03.027.

[Abstract] Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can cause various adjustment disorders in patients. At present, the pathogenesis has not been clarified. Abnormal brain structure and function may be the main cause of the disease. MRI can reflect the abnormal brain structure, function and metabolism in patients with ADHD, and has a good application prospect in explaining its pathogenesis. In this article, we summarize that recent 5-year MRI study on brain structure (brain volume, brain surface area and diffusion tensor imaging), brain function (resting-state functional MRI, task-state functional MRI) and brain metabolism (positron emission tomography-MRI, magnetic resonance spectroscopy) in ADHD patients. The most consistent anatomical findings were decreased volume of the right basal ganglia and medial temporal lobe, thinning of the right frontoparietal cortex, and thickening of the occipital cortex. The most prominent findings in the study of brain function and metabolism are abnormalities in the frontal-striatal circuit and the default mode network. Abnormalities in different brain regions and networks correspond to the symptoms of ADHD, which may be used as biomarkers for individualized intervention.
[Keywords] attention deficit hyperactivity disorder;neuroimaging;magnetic resonance imaging;structural magnetic resonance imaging;functional magenetic resonance imaging;diffusion tensor imaging

BIN Bolin1   ZHOU Xiaoyan2   DENG Demao2*  

1 Graduate School of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise 533000, China

2 Department of Radiology, the People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning 530000, China

Corresponding author: Deng DM, E-mail:

Conflicts of interest   None.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82060315); Guangxi Key Research and Development Plan Project(No. Gui Ke AB22080053).
Received  2022-10-28
Accepted  2023-03-03
DOI: 10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.03.027
Cite this article as: BIN B L, ZHOU X Y, DENG D M. MRI research progress in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2023, 14(3): 149-152, 169. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.03.027.

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