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Research progress in imaging of carotid calcified plaque
SUN Yumeng  YANG Meng  XU Haiyang  WANG Zhenjia  YU Wei 

Cite this article as: SUN Y M, YANG M, XU H Y, et al. Research progress in imaging of carotid calcified plaque[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2023, 14(1): 172-177. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.01.032.

[Abstract] Carotid artery stenosis is an important cause of ischemic stroke (IS), and early detection and early treatment can significantly reduce mortality and disability. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and Carotid artery stenting (CAS) are two revascularization modalities for the clinical treatment of carotid artery stenosis. Unstable plaques are strongly associated with the development of IS. Plaque composition affects plaque stability. However, the effect of calcification on plaque stability has not been fully elucidated. In addition, most previous studies have explored the relationship between the single image characteristics of calcification (such as size, number, location, shape, composition, etc.) and plaque stability, and there is also controversy between the results. Calcification, as a relative contraindication to CAS, is closely related to the occurrence of postoperative complications of CAS. By reviewing the previous literature, this paper further sorts out the relationship between calcification and plaque stability, as well as the relationship between calcification and postoperative complications of CAS, and puts forward existing problems and future research ideas, aiming to provide reference for research in this field.
[Keywords] carotid plaque;calcified plaque;plaque stability;carotid artery stenting;calcification image;magnetic resonance imaging;computed tomography angiography;positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging;singlephoton emission computed tomography/computed tomography;cervical vascular ultrasound;high-resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging

SUN Yumeng1   YANG Meng2   XU Haiyang1   WANG Zhenjia3   YU Wei1*  

1 Department of Medical Imaging, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing 100029, China

2 Department of Medical Imaging, Xi'an Children's Hospital, Xi'an 710002, China

3 Department of Radiology, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China

Corresponding author: Yu W, E-mail:

Conflicts of interest   None.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Natural Science Foundation of Beijing Municipality (No. 7222047); China International Medical Exchange Foundation (No. Z-2014-07-2101).
Received  2022-06-03
Accepted  2022-12-20
DOI: 10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.01.032
Cite this article as: SUN Y M, YANG M, XU H Y, et al. Research progress in imaging of carotid calcified plaque[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2023, 14(1): 172-177. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.01.032.

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