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Research progress of deep learning brain tumor MRI image classification
ZHANG Heng  ZHANG Sai  SUN Jiawei  LU Zhengda  NI Xinye 

Cite this article as: ZHANG H, ZHANG S, SUN J W, et al. Research progress of deep learning brain tumor MRI image classification[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2023, 14(1): 166-171, 193. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.01.031.

[Abstract] In the big data environment, tumor cases provide huge data resources for the clinical diagnosis of tumors. Meanwhile, the development of artificial intelligence technology promotes the continuous improvement of the application level of deep learning and promotes the rapid and accurate classification of tumor images in the era of deep learning. This paper is mainly divided into the following four parts. The first part reviews the current mainstream deep learning MRI image classification models: convolutional neural network, deep belief network, deep residual network, and Vision Transformer. Firstly, the historical lineage, the initial problems, and the main ideas of each model are described. Secondly, the network architecture of the model is summarized and its latest application in MRI image classification is discussed. Then, the characteristics, limitations, and development trends of the models are analyzed. The second part discusses some key factors that affect classification performance. In the third part, some widely used performance enhancement techniques are proposed. Finally, the main limitations of deep learning classification of MRI images in clinical practice are discussed, and future research directions have been prospected. The results presented here can provide researchers with a comprehensive comparison as well as the effectiveness of various deep learning models, which is expected to promote the progress of brain tumor research.
[Keywords] deep learning;brain tumor;image classification;magnetic resonance imaging;artificial intelligence;neural networks

ZHANG Heng1, 2, 3, 4   ZHANG Sai1, 2, 3, 4   SUN Jiawei1, 2, 3, 4   LU Zhengda1, 2, 3, 4   NI Xinye1, 2, 3, 4*  

1 Department of Radiotherapy, Changzhou Second Peope's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou 213003, China

2 Jiangsu Province Engineering Research Center of Medical Physics, Changzhou 213003, China

3 Medical Physics Research Center, Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou 213003, China

4 Key Laboratory of Medical Physics of Changzhou, Changzhou 213003, China

Corresponding author: Ni XY, E-mail:

Conflicts of interest   None.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Jiangsu Provincial Key Research and Development Program Social Development Project (No. BE2022720); General Program of Jiangsu Provincial Health Commission (No. M2020006).
Received  2022-08-16
Accepted  2022-11-29
DOI: 10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.01.031
Cite this article as: ZHANG H, ZHANG S, SUN J W, et al. Research progress of deep learning brain tumor MRI image classification[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2023, 14(1): 166-171, 193. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2023.01.031.

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