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Clinical Article
Predictive value of Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI features and hepatobiliary phase histogram parameters in response to transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma
TENG Fei  REN Jipeng  YAN Ruifang  CAI Mingxi  HAN Dongming 

Cite this article as: Teng F, Ren JP, Yan RF, et al. Predictive value of Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI features and hepatobiliary phase histogram parameters in response to transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2022, 13(11): 71-75. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.11.013.

[Abstract] Objective To evaluate the value of Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI and hepatobiliary tumor histogram parameters in predicting the response to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.Materials and Methods Fifty-four patients with newly diagnosed HCC treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical College from June 2020 to June 2021 were collected. The imaging features of the lesions were evaluated, and the histogram mean, variation, kurtosis, skewness, 10th percentile (Perc10%), 90th percentile (Perc90%), entropy, maximum, minimum and median values of hepatobiliary lesions were extracted. According to modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST), the differences of imaging features and histogram parameters in different response groups after TACE were analyzed. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the predictive value of meaningful parameters for response.Results There were 28 cases in response group and 26 cases in non-response group. The incidences of incomplete capsule, arterial phase peritumoral enhancement and hepatobiliary peritumoral hypointensity in the non-response group were significantly higher than those in the response group (P<0.05). The mean value, degree of variability, Perc10% and median response group were significantly higher than those in the non-response group. Logistic regression analysis showed that peritumoral enhancement in arterial phase, low signal intensity and degree of variation in hepatobiliary phase were independent influencing factors of response (P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve, sensitivity and specificity of the combined parameters were 0.904 (95% CI: 0.816-0.992), 80.8% and 96.4%, respectively.Conclusions Periarterial tumor enhancement, perihepatobiliary tumor hypointense and variation are independent predictors of response after TACE, and the predictive model combining qualitative indicators and quantitative parameters has good predictive efficacy, which helps in the precision treatment of HCC patients.
[Keywords] hepatocellular carcinoma;chemoembolization;response reaction;hepatobiliary phase;Gd-EOB-DTPA;histograms;magnetic resonance imaging

TENG Fei   REN Jipeng   YAN Ruifang   CAI Mingxi   HAN Dongming*  

Department of Magnetic Resonance, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical College, Xinxiang 453100, China

Han DM, E-mail:

Conflicts of interest   None.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Medical Research Development Fund Project of Beijing Kangmeng Charity Foundation (No. B21145AN).
Received  2022-07-08
Accepted  2022-10-08
DOI: 10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.11.013
Cite this article as: Teng F, Ren JP, Yan RF, et al. Predictive value of Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI features and hepatobiliary phase histogram parameters in response to transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2022, 13(11): 71-75. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.11.013.

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