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The application and prospect of combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation on the modulation of brain functional network
XIA Qingling  JIANG Bin  LIU Daihong  ZHU Xiuhong  QIU Jing  ZHANG Jiuquan 

Cite this article as: Xia QL, Jiang B, Liu DH, et al. The application and prospect of combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation on the modulation of brain functional network[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2022, 13(8): 117-120, 129. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.08.026.

[Abstract] Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique based on Faraday's principle of electromagnetic induction. With the advantages of non-invasive, safe, and well-tolerated, TMS has made great progress in the clinical application of neurological psychiatric, and psychiatric disorders. However, it remains to be explored in the fields of the selection and localization of the stimulation target, the effects of TMS on the brain network functional connectivity, and how the brain network status affects the clinical outcome of TMS. Blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can detect brain activity in the deep brain area with high spatial resolution, non-invasiveness, and no radiation. With such advantages of fMRI, the combination of fMRI and TMS (fMRI-TMS) has been increasingly put into clinical application and neuroscience research. This paper reviews the research of fMRI-TMS in the precise and personalized localization of TMS targets and its influence on the brain network. It also introduces the limitations and prospects of fMRI-TMS in brief.
[Keywords] transcranial magnetic stimulation;localization;functional connectivity;brain network;functional magnetic resonance imaging

XIA Qingling1, 2*   JIANG Bin1   LIU Daihong2   ZHU Xiuhong1   QIU Jing1   ZHANG Jiuquan2*  

1 School of Artificial Intelligence, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing, 401135, China

2 Department of Radiology, Chongqing University Cancer Hospital, Chongqing, 400030, China

Xia QL, E-mail: Zhang JQ, E-mail:

Conflicts of interest   None.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82071883); Scientific Research Foundation of Chongqing University of Technology (No. 2020zDz028, 2021zDz010).
Received  2022-01-31
Accepted  2022-08-05
DOI: 10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.08.026
Cite this article as: Xia QL, Jiang B, Liu DH, et al. The application and prospect of combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation on the modulation of brain functional network[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2022, 13(8): 117-120, 129. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.08.026.

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