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Research progress of multimodality MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma
CHEN Shuang  ZHANG Hongmei 

Cite this article as: Chen S, Zhang HM. Research progress of multimodality MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2022, 13(5): 158-161. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.05.034.


[Abstract] Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the primary malignant tumor of liver, second only to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and its incidence increases gradually in recent years. ICC can be divided into mass-forming, periductal-infiltrating, and intraductal-growing patterns according to their gross morphology and growth pattern and intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma is most common. As the treatment and prognosis are different from other liver malignancies, early and accurate diagnosis is of great significance for optimal treatment. MRI is currently the preferred imaging method for diagnosis, staging, and prognosis of ICC before treatment. In particular, multimodal MRI technology can reflect the changes of tumor tissue microstructure by integrating the advantages of various modes, which is helpful for the qualitative diagnosis of tumor and the evaluation of tumor microenvironment, thus indirectly reflecting a series of prognostic characteristics such as the degree of malignancy and the scope of invasion of tumor. The commonly used multimodal MRI techniques including diffusion-weighted imaging, dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. In this article, the different techniques of multimodal MRI and their research progress in ICC are reviewed.
[Keywords] multimodal magnetic resonance imaging;diffusion weighted imaging;dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging;intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma;diagnosis;prognosis

CHEN Shuang   ZHANG Hongmei*  

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China

Zhang HM, E-mail: 13581968865@163.com

Conflicts of interest   None.

Received  2021-09-21
Accepted  2022-04-11
DOI: 10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.05.034
Cite this article as: Chen S, Zhang HM. Research progress of multimodality MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2022, 13(5): 158-161.DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.05.034

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