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Original Article
Homology study of auditory region of superior temporal gyrus between human and macaque based on MRI
CHAI Jingwen  WANG Qianshan  YAO Rong  WANG Yue  LI Binqiang  LI Haifang 

Cite this article as: Chai JW, Wang QS, Yao R, et al. Homology study of auditory region of superior temporal gyrus between human and macaque based on MRI[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2022, 13(2): 52-56. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.02.011.

[Abstract] Objective To explore the homology of structural connectivity patterns between the two species and to provide a theoretical basis for cross-species comparisons and alternative experiments, the similarities and differences in the structural connections responsible for auditory information processing in the superior temporal gyrus of humans and macaques were observed using magnetic resonance imaging.Materials and Methods A publicly available brain imaging dataset with 22 human subjects and 9 macaque subjects was selected as the study subjects. For the pre-processed human data, 6 regions of interest with 18 target regions were extracted, and for the macaque data, the STGr and 18 target regions was extracted. Connection strengths were calculated and connection fingerprints were constructed. Similarities and differences in connection patterns were analysed using Manhattan distance and cosine similarity, and the results were finally examined using a permutation test.Results The result shows that the highest similarity values (cosine=0.966) were found in the connectivity fingerprints of the human superior temporal gyrus (area 38 m) and the macaque anterior superior temporal gyrus, and the structural connectivity patterns in the right side of the human superior temporal gyrus (area 38 m) were more similar to those in the macaque anterior superior temporal gyrus. Both regions had strong connections to the perinasal cortex associated with situational memory, the ventral striatum associated with reward, emotion and movement, and the hippocampus associated with memory and learning, and weaker connections to the parietal insula associated with cognition and movement.Conclusions Therefore, the human area 38m has a similar structural connectivity profile to the rostral superior temporal gyrus of macaque. In other words, macaque and human audition processing areas might have a similar precursor. This discovery provides theoretical support for constructing the cross-species comparison framework between human and macaques.
[Keywords] superior temporal gyrus;homology;connectivity;magnetic resonance imaging;human;macaque

CHAI Jingwen   WANG Qianshan   YAO Rong   WANG Yue   LI Binqiang   LI Haifang*  

College of Information and Computer Science, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030000, China

Li HF, E-mail:

Conflicts of interest   None.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61976150, 61873178); Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province (No. 201801D121135).
Received  2021-09-13
Accepted  2022-01-24
DOI: 10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.02.011
Cite this article as: Chai JW, Wang QS, Yao R, et al. Homology study of auditory region of superior temporal gyrus between human and macaque based on MRI[J]. Chin J Magn Reson Imaging, 2022, 13(2): 52-56. DOI:10.12015/issn.1674-8034.2022.02.011.

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